Traditional practices of ginger cultivation in Odisha: A critical intervention for sustaining farm productivity

Naresh Babu, P.C. Tripathi, A.K. Shukla, Tapaswini Sahoo

Abstract


Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) is important cash crop cultivated by tribal farmers of Odisha for livelihood. Despite the conducive agro- climatic condition, the productivity of ginger in Odisha is below (1.90 t/ha) as compared to national average (5.0 t/ha). Therefore, the present study was carried out during 2011-12 and 2012 -13 to assess the current status of the traditional practices of ginger cultivation followed by farmers. For this purpose four districts of Odisha namely Nayagarh, Ganjam, Kandhamal and Keonjhar were selected where ginger is grown by the majority of farmers. The sample consisted of 360 farmers including 180 women. It has been noticed that a large number of tribal farmers still practice the traditional methods of ginger cultivation. Ginger is grown in homestead, or as an intercrop, or sole crop by farmers. Kuruppampadi, Wynad types, Local types viz., Kuduli, Laxipur, Turia Junagarh, Raikia, Suprapha and Surchi cultivars are grown by farmers. Overall the package of technologies i.e. rhizome treatment, soil application of Trichoderma, wood ash, crop rotation, mulching, plant protection measures resulted in average yield increase of 15- 20 %. While the traditional method crop yielded an average 5-6 t/ha, by adopting this package of technologies farmers with reduced input use could harvest 7-8 t/ha. The demonstration plots had higher number of productive tillers per m2 and rhizomes per plant The higher yield obtained and the reduced cost of cultivation led to an overall higher net profit of minimum Rs.80500 per ha. The adopted farmers were happy and many of them acted as master farmers to spread these technologies to progressive farmers of the adjoining villages.

Keywords


Ginger, traditional practices, productivity, rhizomes, Odisha

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References


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