Factors Behind Intergenerational Occupational Mobility: Evidences From Uttar Pradesh (India)

Chhavi Tiwari


This paper investigates the intergenerational occupational mobility as a result of socio-economic background of the individual. It is aimed at examining the factors behind an individual choosing the same occupation of his forefathers. It is done on the three generation information. The study used a household survey data held in Uttar Pradesh. From the sample data, it is shown that 47.8% of the respondent has chosen their parental occupation. The occupational pattern of the three generation has also been revealed which do not show a very different pattern. Thus the study shows the inequality of opportunity available to the individual in choosing their occupation. Further this study uses econometric tools to draw the information about the reason underlying the choice of same occupation. It has been done by Bi-variate logistic regression reporting odds ratios. The result shows that landholding, caste, educational and economic status of the people play a key role in determining intergenerational occupational mobility.


Occupation mobility, intergenerational, logistic regression, landholding

Full Text:



Erikson, R. and J.H. Goldthorpe (1992), The Constant Flux: A Study of Class Mobility in Industrial Societies (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Ganzeboom, Harry B.G. and D.J. Treiman (1996), Internationally Comparable Measures of Occupational Status for the 1988 International Standard Classifications of Occupations, Social Science Research, 25(2):201-39.

Constant A. and Zimmermann Klaus F. (2003), Occupational Choice Across Generations, IZA, Discussion Paper No. 975.

Majumdar R. (2010), Intergenerational Mobility in Educational and Occupational Attainment: A Comparative Study of Social Classes in India, Margin- The Journal of Applied Economic Research, 4(4): 463-94.

Hanatkovska, V., A. Lahiri and S.B. Paul (2011), Breaking the Caste Barrier: Intergenerational Mobility in India, viewed on 1 December 2011, (http://faculty.arts.ubc.ca/alahiri/Intergeneration_


Motiram S. and Ashish S. (2012), How Close Does the Apple Fall to the Tree?: Some Evidence from India on Intergenerational Occupation Mobility, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol XLVII No. 40, pp 56-65.

Dreze J. and Sen A. (2002), India: Development and Participation. Oxford University Press.

Motiram S. and Obserg L. (2011), Social Capital and Basic Goods: the cautionary tale of drinking water in India, Economic Development and cultural change 59(1), 63-94.

The Probe Team (1999), Public report on Basic Education in India, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Banerjee, A.V. and A.F. Newman (1993), Occupational Choice and the Process of Development, Journal of Political Economy, 101(2): 274-98.

Bardhan P. (2010), Awakening Giants, Feet of Clay; Assessing the Economic Rise of China and India, Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Emran M. Shahe and Shilpi F. (2012), Cultural Inheritance, Gender, and Intergenerational Occupational Mobility: Evidence from a Developing Economy, Institute for International Economic Policy Working Paper Series, Elliott School of International Affairs, The George Washington University, IIEP-WP-2008-12.

ISSN 2319-5614   

Copyright © Blue Ocean Publication (www.borjournals.com). All Rights Reserved.