A Study Of Mental Retardation Amongst Children In The Context Of Their Socio Economic Background

Dr. Gopal Krishna Thakur


In a pluralistic society, which has a variety of variations across caste, creed, linguistic differences, and others; there is one dimension of life which is governed by the order of the nature unlike the earlier stated parameters of differences majority of which are created by the human being and that is, the challenges in the form of physical and mental disabilities or limitedness. A child born with some developmental disorder faces certain degree of challenges in his entire life and it affects not only his or her own life but also the lives of people around him. India has a very large number of disabled persons. Mentally retarded children constitute a significant proportion of disabled population in our country. In about one-third of all cases, the cause of mental retardation is not known and as a result their diagnosis and possible treatment are not catered to. If the retardation problem is identified in the beginning or some efforts in the direction of preventing it to affect the future generation is made at the right time, the end result would certainly be of a great help for the society.
This paper delineates findings of a study which was carried out to investigate the effect of socio-economic status on mental retardation. The objectives of the study were to study the socio economic background of the mentally-retarded children and to find out the factors responsible for the mental retardation. The sample of the study was 80 mentally-retarded children selected randomly of a couple of special schools located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh. It was found that mental retardation is more prominent among males than females. The prevalence of mental retardation was found more among Backward Castes specially with low income group families. While probing the causes for mental retardation it was revealed through the present study that early marriage of women resulted in producing more children with mental retardation. The findings of the study may guide the social scientists, educationists and stakeholders of inclusive education.


Mental Retardation, Socio-economic status, hearing impairment, speech impairment, stunting

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